Here are some tap water facts that I believe you will find interesting. Everyone needs freshwater for drinking, cooking, showering and other daily uses. But, our fresh sources are being harmed. We all need to take steps to conserve, whenever we can.
We know that there are contaminants in publicly treated supplies, but that does not mean we should switch to bottled. Bottled water is not any better than tap-water. In fact, if you live near a bottling company, you might just be buying your own tap-water in a plastic bottle. If you are going to drink bottled, you should check the label carefully to see where it comes from and how it is purified.
Tap Water Facts: Usage
According to a study conducted by the American Water Works Association, the average single family homeowner uses 69.3 gallons of freshwater per day. Of that, only about 1%, or less than a gallon, is used for drinking.
The rest goes to washing clothes, flushing the towels, showering, bathing, washing the dishes and other domestic uses. But, about 9.5 gallons per day is lost to leaking. So, the first conservation step that you can take is to repair your leaky plumbing and make sure that the taps are tuned completely off, after using them.
In 2004, the bottled water industry used as much as 561 million gallons per day. Of that, only one fifth was for drinking. They waste 3-5 times more water than they bottle and sell. If you can, stop buying bottled. Install a home purifier instead.
Tap Water Facts: Contaminants
According to a study conducted by the University of Cincinnati, everyone in the US has at least some level of contaminants in their tap water and would benefit from a home purifier. The major concern is, of course, consuming them, through drinking, but some of these contaminants become airborne in the shower, so we inhale them. Many can be absorbed directly through the skin and enter the bloodstream. Researchers have conducted testing to prove this, since the EPA still denies that it is true.
The contaminants that are of major concern include chlorine and THMs (chlorination byproducts). In some areas, lead is a major concern, although, it is not present in all homes. Cysts are a major concern, particularly for at-risk individuals, because they can enter the water supply at any time and can not be removed through public purification methods. Waterborne illnesses are the result of cyst consumption. Severe and chronic health problems are the result of lead consumption. Cancer is the result of THM exposure. Chlorine is reliably benign when compared to these other things.
Tap Water Facts: Purification Methods
To reduce chlorine and THMS, you need granular carbon and special resins that will trap them through adsorption. To remove cysts, you need a submicron particle filter. To remove lead, you need ion exchange. Luckily, you can get all of those things in one neat little package that sits on your kitchen counter and only costs about $ 100. Hope you enjoyed these tap water facts and I hope you buy a good filter.