The process of development normally includes the modification of topography, vegetation removal, and the coverage of formerly vegetated surfaces using impermeable cover including driveways, buildings, and roads. These alterations to a landscape might lead to soil erosion as well as the sedimentation of bodies of water since soil travels to rivers, lakes, and streams in water runoff during storms at the improved velocity because of vegetative cover insufficiency. The vegetative cover removal as well as its root system affects the capability of vegetation to stabilizing soil, reducing runoff velocity, shielding soil surface from rain, and maintaining the ability of the soil for water absorption.
There are a number of construction activities that may lead to sedimentation and erosion problems. In this case, construction companies must be aware about the different methods that will help them control this problem. Good thing, there are many non-structural and structural methods as well as planning and management techniques that might be utilized to control sedimentation and erosion during an onsite development process.
These methods vary from post construction or permanent techniques. Methods utilized during construction are intended to work with the elevated amount of sedimentation and erosion that happens because of grading as well as other land disturbing short term activities during the construction. In addition, they are not created to be in place permanently. Despite their transitory nature, these methods when installed properly may be efficient in the prevention of sedimentation and erosion that might take place during the construction.
These sedimentation and erosion control methods may include the following:
- Building work zones through making a consultation with the building contractor at the time of designing.
- Inside the work zones (the building the stages of construction sites).
- Inside the phases, organizing the construction sequence and techniques to be utilized.
- Preparing the schedule for land moving and structure construction activities.
- Narrative requirement for the daily activities.
When all of these mentioned methods have been accomplished, making a sediment and erosion control plan using practices which will aid construction activities daily schedule, whereas controlling sediment movement to bodies of water and preventing erosion.
These methods use one technique or more of the following:
- Vegetated buffer strips
- Mulching and compost filter sock
- Detention ponds
- Grassed swales
- Steep slopes stabilization
- Constructed wetlands
- Phasing of the vegetation removal
- Infiltration practices
- Hay-bale barriers and silt fence
Aside from these methods, the use of inlet filter can also be a great way to prevent these environmental problems. An inlet filter is a one-of-a-kind patented design that keeps debris and silt out of storm systems. It has been designed specially to conform quickly to the curb’s shape. It comes with integrated protective overflow design that helps in eliminating or reducing the requirement to clean or flush inlets, allowing to you save money and time. While it is fabricated from the bright orange monofilament geo-textile, it is easily seen. Also, it is available in different sizes to fit any inlet and curb. With the efficiency of such product, construction companies should consider its application to improve erosion and sedimentation control.